630 BC to 610 BC, Psalm 16: Rediscovering the Legacy.

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sefer shutterstock_357727709This generation is that of the years between 630 BC and 610 BC.

The sixteen generation is Josiah’s generation. His reign began on the previous generation and will end on the beginning of the next generation (generation seventeen). This generation is therefore under the sign of reconciliation with the Lord because Josiah follows « in all the way of his grandfather David. » It will also be an opportunity to rediscover the divine doctrine, of which the book (the torah) is rediscovered to this generation. Ignored until then, Josiah and the people of Judea will rediscover the divine commandments.
Despite the prediction of the prophetess Hulda predicting that God’s wrath would soon come upon the kingdom of Judah, King Josiah executed the precepts of the book. In particular by destroying all the idolatrous relics of the kingdom including those built by Solomon and instituted the Passover celebration which had never been celebrated in this way since the time of the Judges.
From all these facts is illustrated the illustration of Psalm sixteen:

(extract of the psalm 16 associated to this generation, verses 1 to 4 )

  • A michtam of David; O God, guard me for I have taken refuge in You.
    • This expresses well the attitude of Josiah who stands out from his predecessors by relying fully on the Lord.
  • You should say to the Lord, « You are my Master; my good is not incumbent upon You.
  • For the holy ones who are in the earth, and the mighty ones in whom is all my delight. 
    • Josiah turns to the LORD and, after the discovery of the book of Torah, scrupulously applies his precepts.
  • May the sorrows of those who hasten after another [deity] increase; I will not pour their libations of blood, nor will I take their names upon my lips.
    • Attitude that breaks with that of his predecessors, as shown by the indictment of Jeremiah who begins his prophecies during the reign of Josiah.
And also for the rest of the psalm:

(extract of the psalm 16 associated to this generation, verses 5 to 6 to 8 to 11 )

  • The Lord is my allotted portion and my cup; You guide my destiny.
  • Portions have fallen to me in pleasant places; even the inheritance pleases me. »
    • The inheritance is of course the book of the law found in the Temple and which constitutes the most precious good that the people of Israel of the previous generations could inherit. Despite the misfortunes that are predicted, Josias accepts this transmission.
  • I will bless the Lord, Who counseled me; even at night my conscience instructs me.
  • I have placed the Lord before me constantly; because [He is] at my right hand, I will not falter.
    • We are still at the heart of the curses, in the first phase of the night undergone by the people of Israel. In spite of this, the people of Israel, through Josiah, renew their trust in the Lord by celebrating again the Passover which is the feast that seals the union between the people of Israel and the Lord. 
  • Therefore, my heart rejoiced, and my soul was glad; even my flesh shall dwell in safety.
  • For You shall not forsake my soul to the grave; You shall not allow Your pious one to see the pit. 
  • You shall let me know the way of life, the fullness of joys in Your presence. There is pleasantness in Your right hand forever.

 

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