650 BC to 630 BC, Psalm 15: Who will dwell on your holy mountain?

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T1-_d503_-_Fig._260._—_Le_temple_de_Salomon_à_JérusalemThis generation is that of the years between 650 BC and 630 BC.

The Fifteen generation is a relatively tumultuous generation at the level of spirituality in Jerusalem. Indeed, this generation sees the end of the reign of King Manasseh, then the short reign (two years) of King Amon and the beginning of the reign of King Josiah.
If King Manasseh behaved badly during most of his reign, he returned to the Lord at the end of it. However, this return to the Lord is short-lived, for Amon the successor of Manasseh restores idolatrous worship. Amon is murdered by his officers. Josiah, his son who reigns in turn. Josiah will again turn to the Lord.
This generation has seen:
  • Two periods of idol worship at the Temple: one during the reign of Manasseh and one during the reign of Amon,
  • Two periods of worship faithful to the LORD: one under the reign of Manasseh and one under the reign of Josiah.
So many changes of « tenants » of the Temple and Jerusalem. So many changes in the divine tent and on the holy mountain.
What justifies the beginning of the psalm of this generation:

(extract of the psalm 15 associated to this generation, verse 1  )

  • A song of David; O Lord, who will sojourn in Your tent, who will dwell upon Your holy mount?
What David, the author of the psalm, can do by announcing, in a way, the ideal behavior that Josiah will have during his reign and which will be the subject of the next generation:

(extract of the psalm 15 associated to this generation, verses 2 to 5  )

  • He who walks uprightly and works righteousness, and speaks truth in his heart.
  • He did not slander with his tongue; he did his neighbor no harm, neither did he take up reproach upon his kinsman.
  • A base person is despised in his eyes, and he honors the God-fearing; he swears to [his own] hurt and does not retract.
  • He did not give his money with interest, nor did he accept a bribe against the innocent; he who does these shall not falter forever.

 

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