770 BC to 750 BC, Psalm 9: Isaiah.

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Le_prophète_Isaïe,_par_Gustave_DoréThis generation is that of the years between 770 BC to 750 BC.

The ninth generation concerns the central part of the reigns of King Azariah for the kingdom of Judah and Jeroboam for the kingdom of Israel. Although the book of kings indicates a reign of fifty-two years for King Amacia, we will consider that his reign lasted indeed forty-two years (a priori period retained by historians).
These reigns were profitable to both kingdoms with respect to their respective enemies (« When my enemies draw backward« ). These military successes (« hey stumble and are destroyed from before You« ) illustrate the beginning of the psalm of this generation:

(extract of the psalm 9 associated to this generation, verses 1 to 4 )

  • To the conductor, to brighten the youth, a song of David.
  • I will thank the Lord with all my heart; I will tell all Your wonders.
  • I will rejoice and exult with You; I will sing praises to Your most high name
  • When my enemies draw backward, they stumble and are destroyed from before You.
In fact if the enemies of yesterday let go, the enemies of tomorrow are pointing off. The success of the kingdom of Israel is not due to his faithfulness to the Lord but to the temporary benevolence of him. But the survival granted to the kingdom of Israel is limited, his time is running out. It will disappear soon. The kingdom of Judah is not better off, because soon less scrupulous kings than Azaria will succeed to the throne. This will bring the destruction of Jerusalem and the exile to Babylon of the inhabitants of the kingdom.
This generation, therefore, sees the prophets appear, each of whom, in their turn, will warn the people of Israel. Warn him without forgetting to reassure him about God’s love for his people. The first of these prophets is the prophet Isaiah. The prophecies of Isaiah prepare the people of Israel for exile. For that, the internal discriminations must disappear so that the people remain welded in the adversity. This in order to achieve together the final redemption.
The prophecies of Isaiah begin with a dark record for the people of Israel. They include more positive predictions of the end of the night promising the resurrection of Zion and the punishment of his enemies. To conclude on a happy and peaceful cohabitation of peoples.
This is the object of the following verses of the psalm of this generation which echoes Isaiah’s conclusions that the peoples of the earth will end up living at the end of time in a world of peace and justice, so of the psalm of this generation:

(extract of the psalm 9 associated to this generation, verses 5 to 12 )

  • For You have performed my judgment and my cause; You sat on the throne, O Judge of righteousness.
  • You rebuked nations, You destroyed a wicked man; You erased their name forever and ever.
  • The enemy has been destroyed; swords exist forever, and You have uprooted the cities-their remembrance is lost.
  • But the Lord shall sit forever; He has established His throne for judgment.
  • But He judges the world with righteousness, kingdoms with equity.
  • And the Lord shall be a fortress for the crushed, a fortress for times of distress.
  • And those who know Your name shall trust in You, for You have not forsaken those who seek You, O Lord.
  • Sing praises to the Lord, Who dwells in Zion; relate His deeds among the peoples.
The continuation and end of the psalm (extract of the psalm 9 associated to this generation, verses 13 to 21)  is to be compared with the predictions of Isaiah promising the end of Moab and, through him, enemies of the people of Israel.
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