- At  the same time, Alexander, King of the Jews, saw disturbing his reign by the hatred that the people had for him. On the day of the Feast of Tabernacles, when palm and lemon branches were being brought, he was preparing to offer sacrifices. Some were not content to throw lemons at his head, but he was outraged by words, saying that being a captive he did not deserve to be honored and unworthy to offer sacrifices to God. He set himself in such fury that he had six thousand killed, and then repulsed the effort of this multitude irritated by a wooden fence which he had made around the Temple and the altar, and which went up to where the only priests are allowed to enter. He took on his pay Pisidian and cicilian soldiers, because, being enemies of the Syrians, he did not use them. He then defeated the Arabs, then imposed tribute to the Moabites and Galaatids, and ruined Amath without Theodore daring to come to blows with him. He also fought against Obed, king of the Arabs; but having fallen near Gadara in Galilee, in an ambush, and being driven by a great number of camels in a narrow and very difficult strait, he had great difficulty in escaping to Jerusalem. This bad success was followed by a war which his subjects made for six years. He killed not less than fifty thousand; and although he did not forget anything to try to recover well with them, their hatred was so violent that what seemed to be the duty to soften him increased it still more. So, one day asking them what they wanted him to do to satisfy them, they all cried out that he had only to kill himself; and they sent to Demetrius Euerus to ask for help.
(extract of the psalm 43 associated to this generation, verse 1 and first part of verse 2 )
- Avenge me, O God, and plead my cause against an unkind nation, from a man of deceit and injustice You shall rescue me.
- For You are the God of my strength
- Demetrius Eucerus , fstrengthened by those who called him to their aid, came with an army of three thousand horses and forty thousand foot soldiers. Alexander marched against him with six thousand two hundred foreign soldiers whom he had taken in his pay, and twenty thousand Jews who had remained faithful to him. These two claws made all their efforts, Demetrius to win those foreigners who were Greek, and Alexander to bring back into his party the Jews who had sided with Demetrius. But neither of them succeeds in his plan. Thus it was necessary to come to a battle. Demetrius was victorious, and those strangers who were on Alexander’s side pointed out their worth and their fidelity, for they were all killed without excepting one. Demetrius, on the other hand, lost many people. Alexander fled to the mountains.
(extract of the psalm 43 associated to this generation, end of verse 2 )
- why have You abandoned me? Why should I walk in gloom under the oppression of the enemy.
(extract of the psalm 43 associated to this generation, verses 3 to 5 )
- Send Your light and Your truth, that they may lead me; they shall bring me to Your Holy Mount and to Your dwellings.
- And I will come to the altar of God, to the God of the joy of my exultation, and I will thank You with a lyre, O God, My God.
- Why are you downcast, my soul, and why do you stir within me? Hope to God, for I will yet thank Him for the salvations of my countenance and my God.
 Flavius Josephus / Jewish Antiquities / Book thirteenth / chapter 21 (French: Flavius Josèphe/Antiquités Juives/Livre treizième/chapitre 21).
 Flavius Josephus / Jewish Antiquities / Book thirteenth / chapter 22 (French: Flavius Josèphe/Antiquités Juives/Livre treizième/chapitre 22).