(extract of the psalm 120 associated to this generation, verse 1 )
- A song of ascents. In my distress I called to the Lord, and He answered me.
- A turning point , invisible but crucial, was taken in 1469, against the will of Henry I: under the auspices of Jewish financier Abraham Senior (influential man at the Spanish court). The marriage between Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile was celebrated, which gave rise to optimism among Jews and conversos. A strong monarchy could and should better resist the claims of the church, guarantee a better autonomy. And then Ferdinand and Isabella were known for their friendships with important members of the finance and the Marranos and Jewish intelligentsia. Illusory hopes.
The inquisition that begins its establishment in Spain augurs the imminent end of the Jewish presence in Spain.
(extract of the psalm 120 associated to this generation, verses 2 to 4 )
- O Lord, save my soul from false lips, from a deceitful tongue.
- What can He give you, and what can He add to you, you deceitful tongue?
- Sharpened arrows of a mighty man with coals of brooms.
Not only is anti-Judaism not weakening, but it is intensifying by identifying the Spanish people with the Visigoth people. But this Visigothic people had a long journey before settling in Spain, especially in Roman times, it was established near the Black Sea.
‘Meshech’ is  one of the seven sons of Japhet, associated with peoples of Asia Minor. Probably Phrygia and Cilicia, or people from the shores of the Black Sea. The Visigoth people can therefore be metaphorically associated with ‘Meshech‘.
(extract of the psalm 120 associated to this generation, first part of verse 5 )
Woe is to me for I have sojourned in Meshech;
- Then the word  of the Lord came to me, saying:
- « Son of man, set your face toward Gog, [toward] the land of Magog, the prince, the head of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy concerning him.
- And you shall say; So said the Lord God: Behold, I am against you, Gog, the prince, the head of Meshech and Tubal.
- From many days you will be remembered; at the end of the years you will come to a land [whose inhabitants] returned from the sword, gathered from many peoples, upon the mountains of Israel, which had been continually laid waste, but it was liberated from the nations, and they all dwelt securely.
- And you will ascend; like mist you will come; like a cloud to cover the earth you will be; you and all your wings and many peoples with you.
- So said the Lord God: It will come to pass on that day that words will enter your heart and you will think a thought of evil.
- And you will say, « I shall ascend upon a land of open cities; I shall come upon the tranquil, who dwell securely; all of them living without a wall, and they have no bars or doors.
- To take spoil and to plunder loot, to return your hand upon the resettled ruins and to a people gathered from nations, acquiring livestock and possessions, dwelling on the navel of the earth.
The Umayyad dynasty that had established its capital in Syria, Damascus was strongly established in Palestine (on both sides of the Jordan) like the city of al Ramla (40 km north-west of Jerusalem), only Arab-Muslim city of importance founded in the land of Israel, which will later serve as Caliph residence to the Umayyads.
Thus the association between this dynasty established in Spain and Kedar  which means « swarthy » is that one of the twelve sons of Ishmael associated with a nomadic Arab tribe of Transjordan is widely appropriate and allows to better understand the continuation of the psalm of this generation:
(extract of the psalm 120 associated to this generation, end of verse 5 )
- (Woe is to me for) I dwelt among the tents of Kedar.
- When  opened the year 1492, Aragon and Castile, respectively reigning Ferdinand and Isabella, were still engaged in a war that began ten years earlier, in November 1481, on the border between Castile of the Kingdom of Granada, the small Muslim state in the hands of the Nasrid dynasty. […] In 1491, the Christian rulers laid siege to Granada, the capital of Nasrid that had settled there since the 13th century, and for this purpose settled in Santa Fe, a small town built for the occasion about ten kilometers away. Granada, unable to refuel, was asphyxiated.
- For so  has the Lord said to me: « In another year, like the days of a hireling, all the glory of Kedar shall terminate.
- And the rest of the number of the bows of the heroes of the children of Kedar shall decrease, for the Lord, the God of Israel has spoken. »
(extract of the psalm 120 associated to this generation, end of verses 6 and 7 )
- For a long time, my soul dwelt with those who hate peace.
- I am at peace, but when I speak, they [come] to [wage] war.
 Riccardo Calimani: « The Jewish wandering ». Chapter: « Discrimination, Persecution, Survival ». (French: « L’errance juive ». Chapitre : « La discrimination, la persécution, la survie ». (p. 217) ).
 According to O. Odelain and R. Séguineau: « Dictionary of the proper names of the Bible ». (Entries: Meshek and Tubal) (French: « Dictionnaire des noms propres de la Bible ». (Entrée : Méshek, p. 253 et Tubal, p. 380) )
 Yechezkel – Ezekiel – Chapter 38, verses 1 to 3 and 8 to 12.
 According to O. Odelain and R. Séguineau: « Dictionary of the proper names of the Bible ». (Entry: Qédar) (French: « Dictionnaire des noms propres de la Bible ». (entrée : Qédar, p. 306) )
 (supervised by) Patrick Boucheron: « History of the world in the fifteenth century ». Chapter of Bernard Vincent: « 1492: the year of the world ». (French: « Histoire du monde au XVe siècle ». Chapitre de Bernard Vincent: « 1492 : l’année du monde ». (p. 408-409) ).
 Yeshayahu – Isaiah – Chapter 21, verses 16 and 17.