Korah is the one who organized the rebellion against Moses and Aaron challenging that all powers be acquired. In fact, Moses and Aaron combined the two powers, the political power (Moses) and the religious power (Aaron).
This balance of powers is broken, in the generation that interests us, which is the one associated with the first psalm of the second book of Psalms, by Aristobulus who is crowned king. Thus, a descendant of Aaron, of the lineage of the high priests officially takes the political power in Israel thus coming to justify a few centuries later the fears emitted by Korah.
(extract of the psalm 42 associated to this generation, verses 2 to 4 )
- As a hart cries longingly for rivulets of water,
- As we have already indicated (Psalm 22), the hart symbolizes God in his relationship with his people. He has moved away from his people, but this is not definitive, and God will eventually forgive his people and come closer to them. In this context, the stream symbolizes the passage of time and therefore the future times when God will remember his people.
- so does my soul cry longingly to You, O God.
- My soul thirsts for God, for the living God; when will I come and appear before God?
- My tears were my bread day and night
- The sons of Korah, who speak in the name of the people, look forward to this time of reunion with God. Because during the long night of the Jewish people, this one suffers long suffering. Day and night, because the psalms of Korah evoke the generations of the night but are inspired during the stay in the cave of Adulam, when the Jewish people is not yet in the night, so still in the day
- when they say to me all day long, « Where is your God? »
- This mocking question will be the lot of the Jews throughout the end of the night from the nations among whom they will stay.
Aristobulus, the son of Hyrcanus, who had just proclaimed himself king, was the victim of a conspiracy to believe that his brother Antigone wanted to take his place. He had him killed. This crime disturbed Aristobulus:
- Aristobulus  soon was touched by such repentance for having taken away his brother’s life as his illness did not increase much. He reproached himself continually for having committed so great a crime; and her grief was so violent that she made him vomit a lot of blood. As one of his officers prevailed, it happened, as I believe by divine permission, that he let himself fall and spread some of it to the same place where the traces of the blood of Antigonus still appeared. Those who saw him, thinking that he was doing it on purpose, uttered such a loud cry that he was heard from the king. He asked them the cause; and no one said it to him, he desired even more to know it, because men naturally enter into distrust of what they try to hide from them, and imagine it worse than it is. Thus Aristobulus compelled them by his threats to tell them the truth: and she made such a strong impression on his mind that, after having shed many tears, he said with a deep sigh: “It seems that I have not been able to hide from God such a detestable action, since he is exercising his just vengeance against me. Until when will this miserable body retain my criminal soul? and is it not better to die all at once, than to shed my blood thus by drop, to offer it as a sacrifice of atonement to the memory of those to whom I so cruelly lost my life? ? In finishing these words, he died, having only reigned a year.
(extract of the psalm 42 associated to this generation, verse 5 and first part of verse 6 )
- These things I will remember, and I will pour out my soul [because of the pain which is] upon me, how I passed on with the throng; I walked slowly with them until the house of God with a joyful shouting and thanksgiving, a celebrating multitude.
- Why are you downcast, my soul, and why do you stir within me?
His successor, Alexander Jannaeus then takes power. Aristobulus, in his short reign, had, by his military action, made it possible to consolidate the frontiers of Judea. Alexander Jannaeus will continue in this way. He attacked the coastal cities, Ptolemais and Gaza, which still escaped the control of Judea.
This struggle led to the intervention of foreign forces, particularly Cleopatra, who ruled Egypt, and Ptolemy, who fled to Cyprus after being driven out of Egypt by Cleopatra. This resulted in Ptolemy turning against Judea and devastating her.
- Ptolemy  willingly made an alliance with Alexander, and arrested Zoe (who had made himself master of a city and coveted Ptolemais). But when he learned that this prince (Alexander) had secretly sent his mother to the queen, he broke with him, and besieged Ptolemais, who, as we have seen, had refused to receive him. He left some of his leaders with some of his forces to continue this siege, and went with the rest to ravage Judea. Alexander, on his side, assembled to oppose him an army of fifty thousand men, or according to others of eighty thousand, and Ptolemy, having one Sabbath day unexpectedly attacked the city of Azoth in the Galilee. He took it by storm and took ten thousand slaves with booty. After Ptolemy Latur had taken Azoth by force, he went to Sephoris, which is not far off, and gave an assault, but he was repulsed with great loss; and instead of continuing this siege, he went out to meet Alexander, King of the Jews, and met him near Asoph, who was near the Jordan, and encamped opposite him. […] The Jews, astonished at this change (after having had the advantage, the battle turns to the advantage of Ptolemy) and seeing no help from any of them, fled and all the others following their example. The enemies pursued them so violently and made such carnage that they did not stop killing until they were tired of striking. The number of deaths was thirty thousand; and according to Tymagene’s report of fifty thousand. The rest of the army was captured or saved by flight.
(extract of the psalm 42 associated to this generation, second part of verse 6 and verses 7 and 8 )
- Hope to God, for I will yet thank Him for the salvations of His presence.
- Even though the fate of the Jews of Judea is not enviable, the sons of Korah keep their trust in God.
- My God, my soul is downcast upon me; therefore, I will remember You from the land of Jordan and the peaks of Hermon, from the young mountain.
- These places are the theater of the terrible battles suffered by the Jews of Judaea to this generation.
- Deep calls to deep to the sound of Your water channels; all Your breakers and waves passed over me.
- The unfortunate fate of the Jews of Judea will not be enough, because Alexander Jannaeus will turn against his own people in turn making many victims.
(extract of the psalm 42 associated to this generation, verses 9 to 12 )
- By day, may the Lord command His kindness, and at night, may His resting place be with me, a prayer to the God of my life.
- I will say to God, my Rock, « Why have You forgotten me? Why should I walk in gloom under the oppression of the enemy? »
- With murder in my bones, my oppressors have reproached me by saying to me all day long, « Where is your God? »
- Why are you downcast, my soul, and why do you stir within me? Hope to God, for I will yet thank Him for the salvations of my countenance and my God.
 Flavius Josephus / Jewish Antiquities / Book thirteenth / chapter 19. (French: Flavius Josèphe/Antiquités Juives/Livre treizième/chapitre 19 )
 Flavius Josephus / Jewish Antiquities / Book thirteenth / chapters 20 and 21. (French: Flavius Josèphe/Antiquités Juives/Livre treizième/chapitres 20 et 21 )