For the Caliphate of Cordoba, Hisham 1st, successor of the first Umayyad emir of Cordoba reigns from 788 to 796. His successor is Al Hakam I from 796 to 822. Hisham’s reign  is marked by incessant but not decisive battles with the Christian principalities of northern Spain (Asturias). Al Hakam, must also fight internal rebellions and the troops of Charlemagne who try to seize the north of Spain (Barcelona, Tortosa, Tarragona, Huesca).
For the new Christian empire of the West, this generation is entirely marked by the undivided reign of Charlemagne. He became the master of the Frankish kingdom (which roughly included France and Germany today) after the death of his brother Carloman in 771, his reign continued until his death in 814.
- Sober  and grandiose, it is the expression of a thought at once political and religious, the symbol also of the power and the prestige reached by the kingship of Charlemagne which at the end of the eighth century is mounted on a plane next to that of the emperor: he is “imperator similis”. The atmosphere floating in the sanctuary is primarily biblical. The famous stone throne erected on six steps, with its rounded back and armrests, reproduces that of Solomon: “Let me,” writes Alcuin to Charlemagne, “carry me with twigs of palms, accompanied by singing children. hymns, to meet the triumph of your glory and find your dear face in the Jerusalem of our long-desired homeland where the temple is located that the very wise Solomon raised to God”. Aix La Chapelle thus appeared the new Jerusalem, foreshadowing and announcing the eternal by its octagonal plan and the throne of the new David (Charlemagne).
- The Christians , priests and monks who lived in Jerusalem, the pilgrims who went to the Holy City, also turned their eyes to Charlemagne. The Arabs occupied Palestine for a century and a half. They showed relative tolerance towards Christians, and respected almost the churches and monasteries they had built.
(extract of the psalm 87 associated to this generation, verses 1 to 7 )
- Of the sons of Korah, a song with musical accompaniment, whose foundation is on the mountains of the Sanctuary.
- The Lord loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob.
- Glorious things are said about you, the city of God, forever.
- I will remind Rahab and Babylon of My beloved ones. Behold Philistia and Tyre with Cush, « This one was born there. »
- And to Zion it will be said, « Man after man was born in her, » and He will establish it on high.
- [When] the Lord counts in the script of the peoples forever, [He will say,] « This one was born there. »
- And singers as well as flute players, all my innards are concerned with you.
- The little story , a delicious example of medieval humor, deserved to be briefly told: Charlemagne wanted to cure one of his bishops of his greed for rare and precious objects. He ordered a Jewish merchant, that his business trips often led to the Holy Land from where he brought back to Europe rare and precious objects, to deceive this bishop and to expose him to derision.
- Our Jew took a domestic mouse which he perfumed, and showed it to the said bishop, claiming to have found in Judea this animal never seen before. Immediately, the bishop wanted to acquire this precious object and offered him three pounds of silver. (followed by a long negotiation leading to the acquisition of the mouse for the bishop for a fabulous sum) … He (the Jew) brings to Charlemagne the selling price and tells him in detail the whole scene. (Charlemagne during a meeting with the bishops then ridicules the buyer, then the buyer repents of his attitude).
 According to: André Clot: “Muslim Spain”. Chapter: “The Umayyad Emirs”. (French: « L’Espagne musulmane ». Chapitre : « Les émirs omeyyades »).
 Robert Folz: “The imperial coronation of Charlemagne”. Chapter: “Aix La Chapelle and Rome” (French: « Le couronnement impérial de Charlemagne ». Chapitre : « Aix La Chapelle et Rome» (p. 139) ).
 Georges Bordonove: “Charlemagne 768-814”. Chapter: “Fourteen Years of Reign” (French: « Charlemagne 768-814 ». Chapitre : « Quatorze ans de règne » (p. 242) ).
 Bernhard Blumenkranz: “Jews and Christians in the western world 430-1096”. Chapter: “Economic Life: Profession of the Jews or Jewish Professions” (French: « Juifs et Chrétiens dans le monde occidental 430-1096 ». Chapitre : « La vie économique : profession des Juifs ou professions juives» (p. 16) ).