These objects are returned to the Jews of Jerusalem a few years later, presumably during this generation. The return of these symbols of the past glory of the Jewish people marks the supremacy of the latter over the empires, as prestigious as they are, which succeed one another in the domination of the world. Rome has disappeared, the Jewish people are still there and the link of this people with their land, with Jerusalem and its Temple remains as strong as ever.
(extract of the psalm 75 associated to this generation, verses 1 and 2 )
- For the conductor, al tashcheth, a psalm of Asaph, a song.
- We have thanked You, O God, we have thanked, and Your name is near; they have told Your wonders.
(extract of the psalm 75 associated to this generation, verses 3 to 8 )
- When I take a festive day, I shall judge with fairness.
- When the earth and all its inhabitants were melting away, I established its pillars forever.
- I said to the perverse, « Do not behave perversely, » and to the wicked, « Do not raise the horn. »
- The glory of past empires and their disappearance must be a strong message to the new empires that share the world and those who will dominate it in future generations. All the glory of the nations is transitory and there is no reason to boast of it because all have an end.
- Do not raise your horn on high, [do not] speak with [your] fat neck.
- For it is not from the east or from the west, neither from the desert does elevation come.
- But God judges; He humbles this one and elevates that one.
- The psalmist relies more pertinently on this generation to support his speech since in fact the (known) world is shared between East and West between Byzantine Empire and Persian Empire. To these empires a troublemaker will redistribute the cards. Soon, from the desert, will appear Muhammad who will create a new Empire in the East relying heavily on the foundations of the Persian empire. All this will lead to a sharing of the (known) world between the Christian West and the Muslim East. Thus when the psalmist quotes “not from the east or from the west, neither from the desert “, he takes into account the empires of the moment and the programmed evolution of the East by the arrival of Islam (of the desert ). He indicates that all these evolutions are not accidental and enter into a destiny desired by the divine who alone is entitled to establish or break the balance of the world (But God judges; He humbles this one and elevates that one).
(extract of the psalm 75 associated to this generation, verses 9 to 8 )
- For a cup is in the hand of the Lord, and strong wine, a full mixture, and He pours out of this [cup], but all the wicked of the earth will drain and drink [it].
- Nations can feel free to do as they please against the people of Israel who live within it, because apparently they go unpunished or even seem to benefit. This is a short-term view because God will end up demanding account for actions against his people.
- And I shall recite forever; I shall sing [praises] to the God of Jacob.
- And all the horns of the wicked I shall cut off; the horns of the righteous will be upraised.
- This is summarized in this last verse: the promise made to Jacob will be respected at the end of time and justice will be done to the nations to which his people will have been confronted. Those who have done well will be rewarded, those who have done wrong will be punished.