This generation is that of the years between 350 BC and 330 BC.
A first event is told by Flavius Josephus. He places it at the same time as the death  of Philip of Macedonia (Philip of Macedonia is assassinated in 336 BC):
- After  the death of Eliasib, high priest, Judas, his son succeeded him. And when Judas was dead, John his son succeeded him, and caused the people of Bagose, the general of the army of Artaxerxes, to profane the temple. He imposed upon the Jews a tribute of fifty drachmas payable at the public’s expense for each lamb they sacrificed; what happened by the cause that I (it is Flavius Josephus who expresses himself) will say. Bagose was very fond of Jesus, John’s brother, and had promised to make him a high priest. One day when the two brothers were in the Temple, they entered on this subject in such a contest that John, transported with anger, killed his brother in this holy place, and thus committed a crime so abominable that there is no for example, of a similar impiety, neither among the Greeks nor among the most barbarous peoples. God did not let this sacrilege go unpunished; it was the cause that the Jews lost their liberty, and that the Temple was profaned by the Persians; for as soon as Bagose heard of it, he came, shouting furiously, “What! Miserable as you are, you have not feared to commit in your own Temple such a dreadful crime. He then wished to enter it, and on what was being done to prevent him from doing so, he said in a still stronger voice: “Do you think me more impure than this dead body, which I see here extended? ? As he finished these words, he entered the Temple, and used this opportunity to persecute the Jews for seven years.
Thus Alexander defeated Tire (in 332 BC), and of course, in accordance with the promise he had made beforehand, the worst was waiting for the Jews of Jerusalem.
However, the miraculous character of the preservation of Jerusalem, under Persia, vis-à-vis the Greek threat is very real: Jerusalem did not follow the fate of Tire and Gaza.
(extract of the psalm 30 associated to this generation, verses 2 to 8 )
- I will exalt You, O Lord, for You have raised me up, and You have not allowed my enemies to rejoice over me.
- The allies of the Persians did not succeed. Alexander, and especially the different peoples who constituted his armies, did not sack Jerusalem.
- O Lord, I have cried out to You, and You have healed me.
- O Lord, You have brought my soul from the grave; You have revived me from my descent into the Pit.
- Faced with the arrival of Alexander, Jerusalem should have been like Tire or Gaza to be removed from the map and its population would have definitely perished. This would have been the end of David’s descendants comparable to “his descent into the pit“.
- Sing to the Lord, His pious ones, and give thanks to His holy name.
- For His wrath lasts but a moment; life results from His favor; in the evening, weeping may tarry, but in the morning there is joyful singing.
- The fratricidal crime will have had only limited effects, because at the end of seven years the Persian domination that followed stopped. Seven years compared to the duration of the night it is indeed only a moment. However, David continues to evoke the night that continues the generations of Israel before finally reaching the dawn, the final resurrection marking the end of the curses that must suffer the people of Israel. This is all the more important to this generation where Esau (the Greeks then the West) enters the scene.
- And I said in my tranquility, « I will never falter. »
- O Lord, with Your will, You set up my mountain to be might, You hid Your countenance and I became frightened.
Joel’s book is hard to date. However, its content seems to be equally adapted to the generation we are talking about. This book also mentions a fatal fate for Tire and Sidon as well as the districts of the Philistines. Recall that Tire and Sidon together represent the region of Tire and that Gaza was the most important city of the Philistines. Tire and Gaza were razed by Alexander and his inhabitants killed or sold as slaves, as Joel says.
- Gird  yourselves and lament, you priests; wail, you ministers of the altar; come, lodge in sackcloth, you ministers of my God, for the meal offering and the libations have been withheld from the house of your God.
- Proclaim a fast, call an assembly; assemble, you elders, all the inhabitants of the land to the house of the Lord your God, and cry out to the Lord.
- Woe is to the day, for the day of the Lord is near, and like plunder, it will come from the Almighty.
- Is not the food cut off from before our eyes? From the house of our God joy and jubilation?
(extract of the psalm 30 associated to this generation, verses 9 to 11 )
- To You, O Lord, I would call, and to the Lord I would supplicate.
- « What gain is there in my blood, in my descent to the grave? Will dust thank You; will it recite Your truth?
- Hear, O Lord, and be gracious to me; O Lord, be my helper. »
- The divine forgiveness already mentioned in the beginning of the psalm is recalled in the following of Joel. Repentance will not be in vain, because God then redirects his face to his people.
(extract of the psalm 30 associated to this generation, verses 12 and 13 )
- You have turned my lament into dancing for me; You loosened my sackcloth and girded me with joy.
- So that my soul will sing praises to You and not be silent. O Lord, my God, I will thank You forever.
 See: Flavius Josephus / Jewish Antiquities / Book Eleventh / Beginning of Chapter 8
 Flavius Josephus / Jewish Antiquities / Book Eleventh / Chapter 7
 See: EZRA, Chapter 10, verse 6
 Yoel – Joel – Chapter 1, verses 13 to 16