Credit images and videos associated with the page: psalm 141.

In this page are provided for each of the images and videos used on the page of origin the associated information (distributor, author, object ….).

aurore dreyfus shutterstock_230499127

Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 230499127
Copyright: Everett – Art
Date: January 13, 1898
Subject: Émile Zola denounces the irregularities on the « Dreyfus affair », in an article on the front page of the newspaper « L’Aurore (The Dawn) », entitled « J’Accuse (I accuse) …!


Copyright: Edwin Levick
Date: 1910s (published in 1915)
Subject: Immigrants on a ship approaching New York, bound for Ellis Island, with the Statue of Liberty in the background.



Copyright: unknown
Date: nineteenth century
Subject: The barricade of the White Square defended by women during Bloody Week.


Copyright: (Photo distributed by Poale Zion.)
Date: 1905
Subject: Jewish victims of one of the pogroms in Ekaterinoslav (now Dnepropetrovsk)


Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 242822320
Copyright: Everett Historical
Date: 1900s
Subject: A long line of carts of rural Jewish refugees in Rowno (Rivne), northwestern Ukraine. From 1903 to 1906, many pogroms in the area of residence (assigned to Jews by the Russian authorities) resulted in thousands of deaths in Jewish communities and caused the migration of many Jews to North America.

Copyright: Heb. Pub. Co. (« Copyright by Heb. Pub. Co. 1901 »)
Date: 1901
Subject: Russian imperial coat of arms depicts Russian Jews traditionally dressed, with handbags, at the edge of the ocean side Europe and looking across the ocean. Under the American eagle holding a banner with the legend written in Hebrew « take refuge in the shadow of your wings » (Psalms 17: 8), on the American side of the ocean, their Americanized parents have their arms extended to invite them and welcome them to their new home.

Mulberry_Street,_New_York_City_recadre WDL158Distributor:
Copyright: (Library of Congress)
Date: 1900
Subject: Mulberry Street, New York / This photolithography by Detroit Publishing Company is a testament to the bustling street life of New York’s Lower East Side in the early 20th century. Between 1870 and 1915, the population of New York more than tripled from 1.5 million to 5 million. In 1900, when this picture was taken, foreign-born immigrants and their children made up 76% of the city’s population. Often described as the main street in Little Italy, Mulberry Street was dominated in the 1890s by immigrants from Italy. The search for space and economic opportunities opposed these immigrants to other newcomers, including Jews, Russians and Austro-Hungarians, but also to the native-born or to long-time immigrants like the Dutch, the British, the Irish or the Germans.

Copyright: unknown
Date: 1894
Subject: Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935)



Copyright: La libre parole (the free speech) .
Date: 1893
Subject: caricature on the front page of Édouard Drumont’s newspaper « La Libre Parole (the free speech) » (with subtitle: France to the French!) Illustrating « The whole world as the homeland of the Jews … »



Copyright: not indicated
Date: 1906
Subject: Rehabilitation of Dreyfus – Dreyfus case. On the right, the commander Alfred Dreyfus, rehabilitated with the Invalides, talks with General Gillain. In the center, the commander Targe, investigator and discoverer of many false.


Copyright: (Petit Parisien) (Little Parisian)
Date: 1898
Subject: Title: Antisemitic agitation in Paris. Caption: In Montmartre, Mathieu Dreyfus is burned in effigy by young people.



Copyright: (Le Monde Illustré) (The Illustrated World)
Date: 1895
Subject: Ecole Militaire (Military School) de Paris, January 5, 1895. The crowd attends the degradation ceremony of Captain Alfred Dreyfus.


Copyright: (La Libre Parole) (the free speech) .
Date: September 10, 1899
Subject: Edouard Drumont and the anti-Semitic newspaper he founded « La Libre Parole (the free speech) ». First page concerning the Dreyfus Affair: « The traitor condemned! Down with the Jews! »



Copyright: (Le Petit Journal) (The small newspaper)
Date: January 23, 1898
Subject: -The reading of the judgment at the end of the court of war acquitting Esterhazy.


Copyright: Léon Ruffé
Date: 1899
Subject: Lawyer Albert Clemenceau, defender of the newspaper « L’Aurore (The Dawn) » at the Zola trial



Copyright: unknown
Date: 19th century
Subject: Political cartoon representing the entanglement of European alliances of the late 19th century. Note: Marianne (lower left corner), representing France, cries alone because of the successful maneuvers of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (center) to isolate it from the rest of the European powers.

Copyright: Georges d’Ostoya (L’Assiette au beurre) (The Butter Plate)
Date: September 6, 1902
Subject: L’Assiette au beurre (The Butter Plate) No. 75 of 6 September 1902, file « Der Kaiser Guillaume II » composed by Georges d’Ostoya (drawings) and Laurent Tailhade (texts).



Reference: German Federal Archives / Bild 137-000487
Copyright: Solakin, G.K.
Date: June 21, 1904
Subject: Turkey, Konya station. – Bagdadbahn project.- reception of German Ambassador Adolf von Marschall Bieberstein.

Copyright: unknown
Date: 1920 approx.
Object: Reproduction of the symbolic snake of the conspiracy of Sion, illustration of a French edition of the « Protocols of the Sages of Sion », about 1920

Copyright: Houston Stewart Chamberlain / Librairie Payot. (Payot library).
Date: 1913
Subject: Cover of « The Genesis of the Nineteenth Century »



herzl shutterstock_339956780

Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 339956780
Copyright: Everett Historical
Subject: Theodor Herzl founded the World Zionist Organization in 1897. Promoter of Jewish immigration to Palestine to establish a Jewish nation



Copyright: The photographer Yaakov Ben Dov
Date: 1912
Subject: Immigrants from the second aliyah lunching in the Migdal fields.