Credit images and videos associated with the page: psalm 142.

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Copyright: French Government. Jebulon for search, download, fix and restore.
Date: August 1, 1914
Subject: Poster of the General Mobilization Order of the French Army and Land Forces, dated 1st August 1914, posted everywhere in France. (The Air Force did not exist yet in 1914).



Copyright: unknown
Date: 1914
Subject: Russian Poster 1914. The inscription of the top reads « concord ». France, Russia and Great Britain represented the female alliances of the « Triple Entente » of the First World War. In the center, Russia brandishes an orthodox cross (symbol of faith), England (Britannia) on the right holds an anchor (in reference to the navy of Britain, but also traditional symbol of hope) , and France (Marianne) on the left with a heart (symbol of charity / love, probably in reference to the Basilica of the Sacred Heart) – « faith, hope and charity » being the three virtues of the famous Biblical passage I Corinthians 13:13. In the background is a battle scene, with men fighting with rifles and swords, some on horseback. Above them, an exploding shell, one of the first planes and an airship.

Copyright: unknown
Date: late 19th century – early 20th century
Subject: black and white photo of the signatories of the Treaty of the Triple Alliance (1882).


Copyright: Department of History of the United States Military Academy
Date: not indicated
Subject: European alliances during the 1914-18 war. The neutral countries in yellow, the central powers (triple alliance) in mauve, allies or powers of the « Triple Entente » in green


Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 245966473
Copyright: Everett Historical
Date: June 28, 1914
Subject: Arrest of Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, on June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo.

Copyright: unknown
Date: 1907
Subject: Jean Jaures at a demonstration for peace in Stuttgart, 1907.

cimetiere guerre 14 shutterstock_241220134

Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 241220134
Copyright: Willequet Manuel
Subject: Military cemetery World War I in France at Vimy.

POW russes 14 shutterstock_248197822(1 annote )

Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 248197822
Copyright: Everett Historical
Date: 1914 -1915
Subject: Russian prisoners of war including Tartars and Kyrgyz in 1914-15. During the First World War, more than 4 million Russians became prisoners of war on the Eastern Front. It is estimated that 90% survived and were released.

Copyright: unknown (
Date: 1917
Subject: Video of Lenin during a speech


The former Tsar Nicholas II, showing him at Tsarskoye Selo after his abdication in March 1917.Distributor:
Copyright: unknown
Date: spring of 1917
Object: photograph of Tsar Nicholas II taken after his abdication in March 1917.



Copyright: unknown
Date: 1934
Object: The Great Synagogue of Vilna (Vilnius) in 1934. The synagogue was heavily damaged by the Nazis and destroyed by the Soviets.



Copyright: unknown
Date: 1919
Subject: Victims of pogrom in Fastiv, Ukraine 1919


Copyright: not indicated
Date: November 1918
Subject: Jewish district of Lwów after the pogrom in November 1918

Copyright: unknown
Date: 1919 (for the pogrom)
Subject: Photos of the 35 Jews killed during the Pinsk massacre by the Polish army in 1919.


Copyright: Lowell Thomas (photographer)
Date: 1919
Subject: Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence



Copyright: (German photographer)
Date: 1913 (date of construction of the dam)
Subject: Djemal Pasha, Minister of Public Works in the Ottoman Empire, celebrating the completion of the construction of the Hindiya dam on the Euphrates River near al-Hilla, south of Baghdad. Jemal Pahsa poses with his white jacket and his horse costume, surrounded by tribal chiefs from the southern regions of Baghdad. Djemal Pasha’s sophisticated Western attire contrasted sharply with the traditional costumes of the fierce traditional local tribal chiefs. Djemal Pasha was then minister of the navy, governor of Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, and led the military campaigns along the Suez Canal against the British and their allies. He was named for the Arabs Jemal al-Saffah (Jemal the butcher) due to the number of Arab nationalist leaders executed by him (hanging) both in Beirut and Damascus. The two places of the martyrs of Beirut and Damascus were thus named because of its victims. After the First World War, he briefly fought the British in Afghanistan. He was later shot dead by the Armenians in retaliation for the massacre of Armenians perpetuated by the triumvirate of Turkish youths consisting of Djemal Pasha, Enver Pasha and Talaat Pasha.

Copyright: American Colony Photo Department
Date: 1917
Subject: Beersheba during the First World War



Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 245961718
Copyright: Everett Historical
Date: December 9, 1917
Subject: General Edmund Allenby leaves Jerusalem after reading the proclamation of martial law following the British capture of Jerusalem to the Turkish forces.



Copyright: not indicated
Date: 1929
Subject: Arab protest delegation associated with the demonstrations and strikes against British policy in Palestine (following disturbances that precede [1929] riots). From left to right: unknown – Raghib al-Nashashibi – unknown – Amin al-Husseini – Musa al-Husayni

Copyright: American Colony (Jerusalem), Photo Dept.
Date: August 1929
Subject: Jews fleeing the Old City of Jerusalem


Copyright: American Colony in Jerusalem, Photo Dpt
Date: 1929
Subject: The riots of 1929, from August 23 to 31 in Hebron. Synagogue profaned by Arab rioters: broken furniture, floor strewn with torn sacred books.



Copyright: American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Dept., photographer
Date: August 1929
Subject: The riots of 1929 from 23 to 1929 – Jewish settlement of Hartouv burned by the Arabs. Also threshing floors in smoke

Copyright: Wide World Photos
Date: 1919
Subject: First World War: French Prime Minister Clemenceau, at the Trianon Palace in Versailles, announces the conditions of the Allies to the German delegates.

Reference: German Federal Archives, BILD 102-08300
Copyright: unknown
Date: August 1929
Subject: The great maneuvers of the Italian fascist militias in the Dolomites mountains. Mussolini in a speech.



Mein Kampf avec source shutterstock_171458879

Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 171458879
Copyright: 360b
Subject: Book « Mein Kampf » (My Fight) by German Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler, exhibited at the Documentary Center on Nazi Germany in Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, Germany.

Copyright: Fodor
Date: 1925
Subject: Portrait of the writer Theodor Lessing



Paul von HindenburgDistributor:
Reference: Archives Fédérales Allemandes, BILD 102-00120A
Copyright: unknown
Date: 1924
Subject: Marshal Paul von Hindenburg in uniform with his arm raised



Nuremberg 1933 shutterstock_237230188

Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 237230188
Copyright: Everett Historical
Date: 1933
Subject: Nazi Germany, SS Nazi troops marching in Nuremberg 1933 in 1933.


Distributor: Shutterstock
Reference: 242816248
Copyright: Everett Historical
Date: March 8, 1920
Subject: Arab anti-Zionist Arab protest at the Damascus Gate in Jerusalem. Some Jews watch the demonstration near the door.

Copyright: American Colony Photographic department
Date: 1917
Subject: Aerial photo of Jerusalem in 1917.